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After 15 Years of Ban, Now Cost Rica Couples Set Free to Undergo IVF

Monday 29 August 2016

A fifteen years IVF ban has been withdrawn by Cost Rica after failing to fulfill the Human rights rules of Inter-American Court for three years. The couples of Costs Rica are now free to undergo IVF treatment as per their anticipation. On September 10, Luis Guillermo the Centre- Left President has issued a decree which is in compliance with Inter-American court verdict, 2012 against the ban initiated by the conservative sectors. The president also ordered that cautionary measures needs to be taken in order to overcome the legislative and judicial orders that stand against the court judgment.  

Lawyer Huber May said that this is unfair judgment, represented on behalf of 12 couples who brought into the legal suit against the IVF ban- said by IPS. Cost Rica IVF ban only affected the couples who are unable to spend money on abroad treatment, or else the people who are not willing to take loans or mortgage their valuables for the treatment purpose.  

The court stated that IVF ban comes under the violation of rights on liberty, privacy, sexual health, personal integrity, family forming, discrimination, technological progress on November, 2012. It took nearly six months for Costa Rica in order to validate and legalize the process. But the conservative sectors have opposed the Costa Rica and attempted to hurt the image of it by raising the international law against the country. May argued that the ordered decree able to solve the discrimination problem by proving the suffice assistance to the CCSS institute as the part of constant health services. 

IVF is the reproductive technology in which egg from the woman and sperm of the man are joined in the test tube (in-vitro), which is called as embryo and it is inserted into the uterus of woman. According to the statements of Court, Cost Rica is the only country that has outlawed the IVF treatment in the entire world. This was heavily affected the local couples and the woman as well in 2012.

Regulation of IVF was happened in Cost Rica during 1995, but the ban taken place has been issued by the Supreme Court (SC) in March, 2000. Five among the seven magistrates of the SC constitutional chamber have argued that the ban on IVF is against the law in terms of living being rights of the country. Mejia and Artavia, along with eleven other couples have brought the respective case to IAC (Inter-American-Commission) on Human rights, in 2001 and after a decade the corresponding case reached to Inter- American court. The court and commission are the autonomous human-rights institutions for the OAS (Organization-of-American States).  

Lawyer May and other law experts have said that the court of Cost Rica have responded to the extreme conservative perspectives of Catholic Church, and other Christian beliefs which have been grown across the nation.

Costa Rica, the Central-American Nation with 4.7 million citizens has been considered as country that bears the human rights by the international forums. The issue of IVF has been reduced the color when these conservative sectors have opposed it. The IVF issue became so notorious for more than two years with the extreme resistance of conservative lawmakers and evangelicals of the nation.
“According to the legislature of the nation, it is highly hard to forge on the key issues like reproductive and sexual rights” said by Larissa Arroyo - a professional specialized in human rights. The lawyer Arroyo also mentioned that time is highly important especially in case of IVF, because woman may lose her chance of child bearing with the time delay.