In conventional ICSI
In conventional ICSI, the embryologist selects the most normal-looking motile sperm using a microscope that magnifies the sample up to 400 times. The sperm is then injected into the egg and then placed in the incubator for further development.
What is Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a lab procedure done by the embryologists where the sperms are first collected through a needle, then the eggs and few sperms are collected from female and male partners , it is then inserted into the woman's uterus. ICSI is also similar to IVF though the purpose is the same the method of fertilisation differs.
How is ICSI Performed?
The fertilized egg is collected and using a thin & sharp needle sperm is collected. The needle is then inserted through the eggshell into the cytoplasm of the egg. Once the sperm is released into the cytoplasm, the needle is ejected out. The procedure is followed up to examine the process of fertilization. After ICSI is done and the fertilization is fruitful, the embryo is then placed into the woman’s uterus. The woman has to check if she experiences signs of pregnancy. Also a blood test could to be to figure out if the implantation has been successful or not. Regular shots have to taken and the woman has to take proper rest refraining from stressful activities.
Why is ICSI Done
ICSI is done to treat high level male infertility, it’s a condition when there are less to no sperms present in the semen. The unfertilized sperms cannot move by themselves hence ICSI is the option to fertilize the egg using the ICSI procedure. ICSI is done at times if IVF has not been successful. It is also done when the partners would like to examine any abnormalities or genetic issues arising in the embryo. In ICSI procedure only a single sperm is used to fertilize one egg. Hence there is no possibility for contamination through another sperm.
How successful is the treatment
The chances to succeed differ from individuals. It’s important to consider the age of the woman, however approximately around 25% of woman conceive after one round of ICSI treatment.
Risks associated with ICSI are similar to IVF.
Superovulation with hormone treatment might lead to serious ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Your doctor can keep the risk at bay by close observation of the ovaries and frequent check up of hormone levels while the treatment is going on. The risk of becoming pregnant several times is directly linked to the number of embryos implants done to the woman's uterus. Multiple pregnancies have greater chances of risks both the mother and the baby.
There are increased chances of threat or risk if conceived via ICSI i;e the baby has greater chances to have birth defects.