Follicular Study Scan at SWCIC fertility center in Hyderabad
Follicular study is a process of studying the ovarian follicles at regular time intervals to confirm the ovulation.
Follicular study is a vital component of treatment. It basically employs a simple technique for assessing ovarian follicles at regular intervals most commonly done at DAY 10, DAY 12 and DAY 14 , sometimes another scan is done 2-3 days later to confirm ovulation.
ourney to ovulation begins during late luteal phase of prior menstrual cycle, when certain 2-5 mm sized healthy follicles form a population, from which dominant follicles is to be selected for next cycle This process is called ‘recruitment’. Usual number of such follicles may be 5-15, which goes on decreasing with advancing age1.This number can be reduced when a woman has had too many ovulation induction cycles, in premature ovarian failure or age more than 35 yearsDuring Day 1-5 of the menstrual cycle, a second process of ‘follicular selection’ begins, when among all recruited follicles, certain growing follicles of size 5-10 mm are selected, while rest of the follicles regress or become atretic.
During Day 5-7 of the menstrual cycle, a process of ‘dominance’ begins, when a certain follicle of 10 mm size takes the control and becomes dominant. This follicle starts growing at rate of 2-3 mm a day and reaches 18-25 mm size just prior to ovulation. Process of dominance begins late, when suddenly a certain underdog follicle starts growing faster and suppresses others to become dominant”.
Almost nearing ovulation, rapid follicle growth takes place, and follicle starts protruding from the ovarian cortex,
attains a crenated border, and it literally explodes to release the ovum, along with some antral fluid to form a Corpus luteum.
Why is Follicular Monitoring Done?
Follicular Studies are the component of fertility treatments. They help to check if the woman is responding the fertility treatment. If the person is taking the IVF treatment, the follicular scan is required. The scan determines the level of concerned hormones, health, and the number of eggs produced in a single event of ovulation. If the hormone levels are not high, the dosage of the medicines can be adjusted for maximizing the chances of conception.
How ultrasound follicular Study Scan Performed?
Follicular monitoring is done by ultrasound scan. A small plastic probe is inserted into a vagina to examine the follicles and internal organ pictures. The sonographers can do this process. They use hygiene and clean probes for scanning. These probes can emit sound waves in ultra sound frequencies and capturing the images. The sonographer can predict the time where the eggs are released based on the uterus thickness. The follicle study can is a good method when you are trying for a child.
Who needs Follicular Study Scan?
This scanning procedure is required for the couple who are trying for pregnancy, especially if they failed for many times to get pregnant. This tracking is also useful for:
1. A woman who didn’t predict when are ovulating even after using the ovulation prediction kits.
2. Women who have many miscarriages happened at the early pregnancy stage. These scans will help to diagnose why it’s happening.
3. Women who are taking medications to induce ovulation process.
How long does Follicular Study Scan Take?
The process takes less than 30 minutes but the preparations are started before an hour before the scan starts. The whole process will take 10 minutes if you cooperate with your doctor.
How Many Scans are needed?
During the menstrual cycle, there are 4 to 5 scan can be recommended. This is done to ensure when the ovulation has occurred exactly. It shows the picture of follicles when they disappeared or the walls of follicles are collapsed or irregular. These scans are easily performed. It takes 5 to 10 minutes. After that patients get a detailed report about their follicle condition.
What are the side effects of Follicular Ultrasound Scan?
There are no physical side effects for this scan. However, these scans can be done in every few days.
Some couples feel that these scans can ruin their sexual compatibility.
A woman feels frustrated when a probe is inserted in her vagina.
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