PCOD, Polycystic Ovaries Treatment at SWCIC in Hyderabad
PCOD Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a very common problem faced by women to ovulate regularly. PCOS is a condition in which cysts occur in the ovaries due to hormonal imbalance.
PCOD (Polycystic Ovaries)
Giving equal importance for your food habit is an important part in fertility treatment and especially in cases of PCOD. With our nutritionists, SWCIC- the top test tube baby center in Hyderabad India guides you through with good support
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD)– A common problem in women understanding normal ovulation. The ovaries are a pair of glands that lie on either side of the uterus (womb), these are almond shaped and form eggs and release hormones.Ovulation –simply means the formation of the egg in the ovary. Every month a fluid filled bubble (called a `follicle`) is formed in the ovary, this follicle lodges the egg. The follicle grows upto a certain size and then ruptures releasing the egg. The sperm at this point meets the egg and the embryo lodges itself in the womb.The main hormones that are made in the ovaries are oestrogen and progesterone – the main ‘female’ hormones. These hormones help with the development of breasts, and control the menstrual cycle. Ovaries also release `testosterone` which is a hormone mainly present in males but in very small amounts
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a condition where the following occur:
At least 12 follicles (tiny cysts) develop in your ovaries. (Polycystic means ‘many cysts’.)
The balance of hormones that you make in the ovaries is altered. In particular, your ovaries make more testosterone (male hormone) than normal.
You do not ovulate each month and some do not ovulate at all. If you do not ovulate then you do not have a period.
How common is PCOS?
PCOS is common. It is said that up to 1 in 10 women have Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – that is, women have Polycystic ovaries, a raised level of male hormone (testosterone) and reduced ovulation.
What are the symptoms and problems of PCOS?
Symptoms that occur if you do not ovulate
Period problems occur in about 7 in 10 women with PCOS. You may have irregular or light periods, or no periods at all.
Fertility problems – you need to ovulate to become pregnant. You may not ovulate each month, and some women with PCOS do not ovulate at all. PCOS is one of the commonest causes of infertility.
Symptoms that can occur if you make too much testosterone (male hormone)
Excess hair growth (hirsutism) occurs in more than half of women with PCOS. It is mainly on the face, lower abdomen, and chest. Acne
Weight gain – about 4 in 10 women with PCOS become overweight or obese.
Possible long-term problems of PCOS
If you have PCOS, over time you have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, diabetes in pregnancy, a high cholesterol level, and possibly high blood pressure.
What Causes PCOS?
Doctors don't know the exact causes of PCOS. They thought that high levels of male hormones are preventing the ovaries from producing the female hormones and making the eggs normally.
Insulin resistance, genes, and inflammation have been linked to produce excess androgen.
Many women with PCOS have extra insulin. Insulin is a hormone which turns food into energy. Extra insulin can darken the skin.
Up to 70% of the women with PCOS have insulin resistance which means their cells didn’t utilize the insulin properly.
When cells didn’t use proper insulin, then the body needs more insulin production. Extra insulin triggers the ovaries to produce male hormones.
The major cause of insulin resistance is obesity. Both insulin resistance and obesity can cause type 2 diabetics.
As per the many studies, PCOS runs in families.
Women who are suffering from PCOS can have increased levels of inflammation. Overweight can cause inflammation. Many studies show that excess inflammation means the excess of male hormones.
How PCOS affects Woman Body
Higher androgen levels can affect woman fertility and other aspects of health.
To get pregnant, a woman should ovulate. Women who don’t ovulate regularly didn’t release many eggs to be fertilized. So, PCOS is one of the causes of infertility in women.
In this condition, people are hard to breathe during sleep. This is more common in women who are obese with PCOS problem.
Up to 80% of women with PCOS are obese or overweight. Both PCOS and obesity can lead to high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, High bad(LDL) cholesterol, low good (HDL) cholesterol. All these factors together are called metabolic syndrome. These can increase the risks of heart strokes, diabetes, heart disease.
The hormonal changes and excess hair can negatively impact on your emotions. Many women with PCOS are experiencing anxiety and depression problems.
If the woman didn’t ovulate regularly, the uterine linings will buildup.
A thicker uterine lining can cause endometrial cancer.
How to Diagnose PCOS
Tests may be advised to clarify the diagnosis
Blood tests such as LH/FSH levels, testosterone levels are necessary to diagnose this condition
An ultrasound scan of the ovaries will show enlarged ovaries with multiple small
What are the Common Medical Treatments for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?
Some medicines and birth control pills are help to regulate the menstrual cycle and prevent PCOS symptoms like acne and hair growth. The doctor will provide PCOS treatment based on the patient’s condition.
When to Consult a Doctor?
You are missing your periods and not getting pregnant.
You have PCOS symptoms like excess hair growth and acne.
You are trying to get pregnant for more than 12 months and didn’t succeed.
You have diabetes symptoms like hunger, excess thirst, sudden weight loss, or blurred vision.
1-8-32/62 & 1-8-32/62/1 Minister road (main road), Secunderabad, Telangana 500003, India.